#### Material

The Bead Cabinet consisting of chains, squares, cubes for the numbers 1 to 10.

The color of the beads for each number corresponds to colors of the Short Bead Stair. There are labels for counting.

1: Short and long chains of 1; one square of 1, one cube of 1. (i.e. four red beads) Red labels: 1 for square chain; 1 for cube chain.

2: Short and long chains of 2; two squares of 2, one cube of 2.

Green labels: 1, 2, 4 for square chain; 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 for cube chain.

3: Short and long chains of 3; three squares of 3, one cube of 3.

Pink labels: 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 for square chain; to 27 for cube chain.

4: Short and long chains of 4; four squares of 4, one cube of 4.

Yellow labels: 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, 16 for square chain; to 64 for cube chain.

5: Short and long chains of 5; five squares of 5, one cube of 5.

Light blue labels: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 for square chain; to 125 for cube chain.

6: Short and long chains of 6; six squares of 6, one cube of 6.

Violet labels: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36 for square chain; to 216 for cube chain.

7: Short and long chains of 7; seven squares of 7, one cube of 7.

White labels: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49 for square chain; to 343 for cube chain.

8: Short and long chains of 8; eight squares of 8, one cube of 8.

Brown labels: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, 56, 64 for square chain; to 512 for cube chain.

9: Short and long chains of 9; nine squares of 9, one cube of 9.

Dark blue labels: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81 for square chain; to 729 for cube chain.

10: The beads and labels for the short and long chains of 10, previously used.

#### Presentation

##### Short Chains (Square Chains)

- Invite the child to the lesson.
- Ask the child to unroll a rug.
- Go to the bead cabinet.
- Introduce one of the short chains (square), such as six.
- Place the short six chain on a tray, as well as its corresponding bead square, and short chain tickets.
- Bring the tray to the rug.
- Lay the chain on the rug and admire it.
- Fold the chain to form a square, admire it.
- Superimpose the square on the folded chain, admire it.
- Take the square off of the folded chain.
- Unfold the chain.
- Place the tickets on the rug and ask the child to count and touch the beads, every single one, placing the tickets accordingly.
- Ask the child to read the tickets.
- Ask the child to read the tickets backwards.
- To clean up, start with the tickets, then the rest.

##### Long Chains (Cube Chains)

- Invite the child to the lesson.
- Ask the child to unroll a rug.
- Go to the bead cabinet.
- Introduce one of the long chains (cube), such as six.
- Place the long six chain on a tray, as well as its corresponding squares, cube, and long chain tickets.
- Bring the tray to the rug.
- Lay the chain on the rug and admire it.
- Unfold the chain all the way, admire it.
- Fold the chain back up.
- Superimpose a couple squares on the folded chain, ask the child to place the other squares; admire it.
- Place the cube at the end of the chain.
- Take the squares off of the folded chain, and stack them up.
- Admire how the stacked squares are the same as the cube.
- Place the squares and cube on the rug, out of the way.
- Unfold the chain.
- Place the tickets on the rug and ask the child to count and touch the beads, every single one, placing the tickets accordingly.
- Once the child gets to the end of a segment, such as 36, place a square.
- At the very end of the chain, once everything has been counted and placed, place the cube.
- Ask the child to read the tickets.
- Ask the child to read the tickets backwards.
- To clean up, start with the tickets, then the rest.

##### Later Activities

- Lay square chains alongside one another, so the child may observe similarities, with the red chain top left, aligned left. The Child may place tickets if he wants to.
- Short chains can be placed into a concentric arrangement.
- See if children can discover other designs and relationships.

#### Exercises

Child works independently.

#### Direct Purpose

Further experience in linear counting.

#### Indirect Purpose

Preparation for multiplication tables.

#### Age

5

#### Notes

For the short chains, choose a somewhat long chain, otherwise the presentation will be over too soon and therefore wont be as beneficial.

The long chains presentation is a combination of the short chains presentation and the 1000 chain presentation.