#### Material

A wooden board with 100 shallow holes, 10 horizontal by 10 vertical.

Numbers 1 to 10 are placed in a row above the holes (the multiplier).

On the left, a slot for insertion of the multiplicand card.

A set of small white cards with numbers 1 through 10 in red (the multiplicand)

A small box of 100 red beads (for the product).

A small red disc to be used as a counter.

Multiplication sheets or booklets for all the combinations.

Multiplication Chart 1 (Control Chart 1), listing all possible combinations.

#### Presentation

- Invite the child to the lesson.
- Introduce the bead board, beads, and the cards.
- Ask the child to bring the materials to the table.
- Bring two papers, underlays, and pencils on a tray.
- “This board has numbers up here, they tell us how many times we take a number.”
- “These shallow holes are where these beads go.”
- “This is our red counter, we can put it here for now in this little spot.”
- Place the white number cards in a column on the left, in sequence from 1 through 10.
- “Watch this.”
- Place the 3 card in the insertion slot on the left side of the board.
- “Whoa, look at that!”
- Take it out and ask the child to do it.
- Write a 3 on the paper in the blank spot underneath “multiplication table of…”
- Put a 3 in the first blank spot on the paper.
- “Three times one. We’re going to take 3 just one time!”
- Move the red counter above the number 3 on the board.
- Place 3 beads in the column.
- “Ah, of course, three take one time is just three!”
- Write a 3 in the answer spot on the paper.
- Write a 3 in the next spot.
- “Let’s take 3 two times!”
- Move the counter above the 2 on the board.
- Place 3 beads in the column, counting as you go, starting where you left off with the last answer, which was at 3: “4, 5, 6.”
- Hand off the counting to the child to continue up to 10 times.
- “Alright, when you are done you can check your answers with multiplication chart 1!”

#### Exercises

Child works independently.

#### Direct Purpose

Memorizing the multiplication table.

#### Control of Error

Multiplication Chart 1.

#### Age

5 1/2