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Land and Water Forms

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Pairs of land and water forms, depicting opposites, land in green, water in blue or brown:
Lake, Island
Gulf, Peninsula
Isthmus, Strait

Pitcher, sponge, drying cloth, small bucket, underlay, apron.


  1. Invite the child to the lesson, briefly show him the land and water forms as well as their corresponding tray of materials and underlay.
  2. Invite the child to bring the underlay to the table, then ask the child to bring the tray and place it on the left side of the floor by the table.
  3. Carefully pick up the chair and move it to the right side of the table, letting the child we will be standing for this activity. We can place the tray under the table to have more space, ask the child to place the tray under the table.
  4. Ask the child to roll out the underlay onto the table.
  5. Place the towel in the top right corner of the table, place the sponge in the opposite corner on the left.
  6. Tell the child that we need to get land and water forms from the shelf. Let the child carry one form, while you carry another, and bring them to the table.
  7. Put on your aprons, and ask the child to pick up the pitcher from the tray and to fill it with water.
  8. With the pitcher, carefully pour water into the first form, such as the “Island” form. Place the pitcher back on the tray. Explain what the land form is, for example “An Island is land that has water on all sides.”
  9. Allow the child to pour water into the other form.
  10. After the child places the pitcher back on the tray, explain what the form is: “when water is surrounded on all sides by land, it is called a lake.”
  11. Perform a three period lesson with the forms.
  12. To clean up, pick up the bucket from the tray and place it in front of the table. carefully pick up one tray as to not spill water, and pour it out into the bucket. Invite the child to perform this with the other form.
  13. Invite the child to pour out any remaining water that may be in the pitcher and to clean the spout with the sponge.
  14. With the drying cloth, wipe down one of the forms, drying the interior, exterior and underside.
  15. Invite the child to dry the other form.
  16. After the forms are dried, take one form back to the shelf, invite the child to bring the other.
  17. Dry the interior of the pitcher and bucket with the cloth. Place both items back on the tray. Place the dry cloth on the drying rack and replace it if needed.
  18. With the sponge, dry the underlay, left to right. Place it back on the tray.
  19. Invite the child to bring the tray back to the shelf. Invite the child to roll the underlay up and to bring it to the shelf. Take off aprons and place them back.
  20. On other days, once the child is secure with lake and island, repeat the exercise to introduce more forms.


Child works independently.


Lake, Island, Gulf, Peninsula, Isthmus, Strait.

Control of Error


Direct Purpose

Familiarity with different land and water forms.


3 to 3 1/2


This lesson is essentially practical life, but we are giving sensorial impressions of the Earth.

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